Gin is a distilled alcoholic beverage that is characterized by its predominant flavor of juniper berries. It is made from a base of grain or other neutral spirit, which is then infused with a variety of botanicals, most notably juniper. Other common botanicals used in gin production include coriander, citrus peel, and various spices and herbs.
There are several different styles of gin, each with its own unique flavor profile. London Dry gin is perhaps the most widely recognized style, and it is known for its crisp, dry flavor and dominant juniper notes. Plymouth gin is a slightly sweeter style that is produced exclusively in the town of Plymouth, England. Old Tom gin is a slightly sweeter style that was popular in the 19th century but fell out of favor until it was revived in recent years.
New Western or American-style gin has emerged in recent years and has gained popularity in the craft distilling industry. This style of gin features a more diverse range of botanicals and is characterized by its unique and complex flavor profile. Flavored gins, such as citrus or berry-infused gins, have also become popular in recent years.
Gin is typically enjoyed in a variety of cocktails, including the classic gin and tonic, the martini, and the Negroni. The versatility of gin and its ability to pair well with a wide range of flavors make it a popular choice for mixologists and home bartenders alike.
Overall, gin is a complex and versatile spirit with a rich history and a wide range of flavor profiles to explore.